The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gastric inhibitory polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide-1 in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.

The incretin effect denominates the phenomenon that oral glucose elicits a higher insulin response than does intravenous glucose. The two hormones responsible for the incretin effect, glucose-dependent insulinotropic hormone (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), are secreted after oral glucose loads and augment insulin secretion in response to hyperglycemia. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the incretin effect is reduced, and there is a moderate degree of GLP-1 hyposecretion. However, the insulinotropic response to GLP-1 is well maintained in type 2 diabetes. GIP is secreted normally or hypersecreted in type 2 diabetes; however, the responsiveness of the endocrine pancreas to GIP is greatly reduced. In approximately 50% of first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes, similarly reduced insulinotropic responses toward exogenous GIP can be observed, without significantly changed secretion of GIP or GLP-1 after oral glucose. This opens the possibility that a reduced responsiveness to GIP is an early step in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, this provides a basis to use incretin hormones, especially GLP-1 and its derivatives, to replace a deficiency in incretin-mediated insulin secretion in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities