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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human autologous tumor-specific T-cell responses induced by liposomal delivery of a lymphoma antigen.

PURPOSE: The idiotype (Id) of the immunoglobulin on a given B-cell malignancy is a clonal marker that can serve as a tumor-specific antigen. We developed a novel vaccine formulation by incorporating Id protein with liposomal lymphokine that was more potent than a prototype, carrier-conjugated Id protein vaccine in preclinical studies. In the present study, we evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of this vaccine in follicular lymphoma patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ten patients with advanced-stage follicular lymphoma were treated with five doses of this second generation vaccine after chemotherapy-induced clinical remission. All patients were evaluated for cellular and humoral immune responses. RESULTS: Autologous tumor and Id-specific type I cytokine responses were induced by vaccination in 10 and 9 patients, respectively. Antitumor immune responses were mediated by both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, were human lymphocyte antigen class I and II associated, and persisted 18 months beyond the completion of vaccination. Specific anti-Id antibody responses were detected in four patients. After a median follow-up of 50 months, 6 of the 10 patients remain in continuous first complete remission. CONCLUSIONS: This first clinical report of a liposomal cancer vaccine demonstrates that liposomal delivery is safe, induces sustained tumor-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses in lymphoma patients, and may serve as a model for vaccine development against other human cancers and infectious pathogens.[1]


  1. Human autologous tumor-specific T-cell responses induced by liposomal delivery of a lymphoma antigen. Neelapu, S.S., Baskar, S., Gause, B.L., Kobrin, C.B., Watson, T.M., Frye, A.R., Pennington, R., Harvey, L., Jaffe, E.S., Robb, R.J., Popescu, M.C., Kwak, L.W. Clin. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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