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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Signal transduction pathway for the substance P-induced inhibition of rat Kir3 (GIRK) channel.

Certain transmitters inhibit Kir3 (GIRK) channels, resulting in neuronal excitation. We analysed signalling mechanisms for substance P (SP)-induced Kir3 inhibition in relation to the role of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)). SP rapidly - with a half-time of approximately 10 s with intracellular GTPgammaS and approximately 14 s with intracellular GTP - inhibits a robustly activated Kir3.1/Kir3.2 current. A mutant Kir3 channel, Kir3.1(M223L)/Kir3.2(I234L), which has a stronger binding to PIP(2) than does the wild type Kir3.1/Kir3.2, is inhibited by SP as rapidly as the wild type Kir3.1/Kir3. 2. This result contradicts the idea that Kir3 inhibition originates from the depletion of PIP(2). A Kir2.1 (IRK1) mutant, Kir2.1(R218Q), despite having a weaker binding to PIP(2) than wild type Kir3.1/Kir3.2, shows a SP- induced inhibition slower than the wild type Kir3.1/Kir3.2 channel, again conflicting with the PIP(2) theory of channel inhibition. Co-immunoprecipitation reveals that Galpha(q) binds with Kir3.2, but not with Kir2.2 or Kir2. 1. These functional results and co-immunoprecipitation data suggest that G(q) activation rapidly inhibits Kir3 (but not Kir2), possibly by direct binding of Galpha(q) to the channel.[1]


  1. Signal transduction pathway for the substance P-induced inhibition of rat Kir3 (GIRK) channel. Koike-Tani, M., Collins, J.M., Kawano, T., Zhao, P., Zhao, Q., Kozasa, T., Nakajima, S., Nakajima, Y. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (2005) [Pubmed]
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