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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Visualization of the nuclear lamina in mouse anterior pituitary cells and immunocytochemical detection of lamin A/C by quick-freeze freeze-substitution electron microscopy.

We examined the nuclear lamina in the quickly frozen anterior pituitary cells by electron microscopic techniques combined with freeze substitution, deep etching, and immunocytochemistry and compared it with that in the chemically fixed cells. By quick-freeze freeze-substitution electron microscopy, an electron-lucent layer, as thick as 20 nm, was revealed just inside the inner nuclear membrane, whereas in the conventionally glutaraldehyde-fixed cells the layer was not seen. By quick-freeze deep-etch electron microscopy, we could not distinguish definitively the layer corresponding to the nuclear lamina in either fresh unfixed or glutaraldehyde-fixed cells. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that lamin A/C in the nucleus was detected in the acetone-fixed cells and briefly in paraformaldehyde-fixed cells but not in the cells with prolonged paraformaldehyde fixation. Nuclear localization of lamin A/C was revealed by immunogold electron microscopy also in the quickly frozen and freeze-substituted cells, but not in the paraformaldehyde-fixed cells. Lamin A/C was localized mainly in the peripheral nucleoplasm within 60 nm from the inner nuclear membrane, which corresponded to the nuclear lamina. These results suggest that the nuclear lamina can be preserved both ultrastructurally and immunocytochemically by quick-freezing fixation, rather than by conventional chemical fixation.[1]


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