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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Leukotriene B4 receptor-1 is essential for allergen- mediated recruitment of CD8+ T cells and airway hyperresponsiveness.

Recent studies in both human and rodents have indicated that in addition to CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells play an important role in allergic inflammation. We previously demonstrated that allergen-sensitized and -challenged CD8-deficient ( CD8-/-) mice develop significantly lower airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), eosinophilic inflammation, and IL-13 levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid compared with wild-type mice, and that all these responses were restored by adoptive transfer of in vivo-primed CD8+ T cells or in vitro-generated effector CD8+ T cells (T(EFF)). Recently, leukotriene B4 and its high affinity receptor, BLT1, have been shown to mediate in vitro-generated T(EFF) recruitment into inflamed tissues. In this study we investigated whether BLT1 is essential for the development of CD8+ T cell-mediated allergic AHR and inflammation. Adoptive transfer of in vivo-primed BLT1+/+, but not BLT1-/-, CD8+ T cells into sensitized and challenged CD8-/- mice restored AHR, eosinophilic inflammation, and IL-13 levels. Moreover, when adoptively transferred into sensitized CD8-/- mice, in vitro-generated BLT1+/+, but not BLT1-/-, T(EFF) accumulated in the lung and mediated these altered airway responses to allergen challenge. These data are the first to show both a functional and an essential role for BLT1 in allergen- mediated CD8+ T(EFF) recruitment into the lung and development of AHR and airway inflammation.[1]


  1. Leukotriene B4 receptor-1 is essential for allergen-mediated recruitment of CD8+ T cells and airway hyperresponsiveness. Miyahara, N., Takeda, K., Miyahara, S., Taube, C., Joetham, A., Koya, T., Matsubara, S., Dakhama, A., Tager, A.M., Luster, A.D., Gelfand, E.W. J. Immunol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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