The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spectroscopic and computational studies of Ni superoxide dismutase: electronic structure contributions to enzymatic function.

Ni-containing superoxide dismutase (NiSOD) is the most recently discovered member of the class of metalloenzymes that detoxify the superoxide radical in aerobic organisms. In this study, we have employed a variety of spectroscopic and computational methods to probe the electronic structure of the NiSOD active site in both its oxidized (NiSOD(ox), possessing a low-spin (S = (1)/(2)) Ni(3+) center) and reduced (NiSOD(red), containing a diamagnetic Ni(2+) center) states. Our experimentally validated computed electronic-structure description for NiSOD(ox) reveals strong sigma-bonding interactions between Ni and the equatorial S/N ligands, which give rise to intense charge-transfer transitions in the near-UV region of the absorption spectrum. Resonance Raman (rR) spectra obtained with laser excitation in this region exhibit two features at 349 and 365 cm(-)(1) that are assigned to Ni-S(Cys) stretching modes. The NiSOD(red) active site also exhibits a high degree of metal-ligand bond covalency as well as filled/filled pi-interactions between Ni and S/N orbitals, which serve to adjust the redox potential of the Ni(2+) center. Comparison of our computational results for NiSOD(red) with those obtained in parallel studies of synthetic [NiS(2)N(2)] complexes reveals that the presence of an anionic N-donor ligand is crucial for promoting metal-based (versus S-based) oxidation of the active site. The implications of our electronic-structure descriptions with respect to the function of NiSOD are discussed, and a comparison of M-S(Cys) bonding in NiSOD and other metalloenzymes with sulfur ligation is provided.[1]


  1. Spectroscopic and computational studies of Ni superoxide dismutase: electronic structure contributions to enzymatic function. Fiedler, A.T., Bryngelson, P.A., Maroney, M.J., Brunold, T.C. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities