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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two mechanisms of action of the adamantane derivative IEM-1460 at human AMPA-type glutamate receptors.

1. Antagonizing glutamatergic neurotransmission by blockade of AMPA-type glutamate receptors ( GluR) is a promising pharmacological strategy for neuroprotection in neurodegenerative diseases and acute treatment of stroke. 2. We investigated the interaction of the adamantane derivative IEM-1460 with human wild-type and mutant AMPA-type GluR channels. Different recombinant homooligomeric human AMPA-type GluR channels and a rat nondesensitizing mutant GluR ( GluR2 L504Y) channel were expressed in HEK293 cells and investigated using the patch-clamp technique in combination with ultrafast agonist application. 3. When IEM-1460 was coapplied with glutamate, an open channel block mechanism was observed at slow desensitizing GluR2 flip (>/=0.1 mM IEM-1460) and nondesensitizing GluR2 L504Y channels (>/=1 microM IEM-1460). 4. A competitive block of AMPA-type channels was observed with IC(50) values for the dose block curves of 0.1 mM IEM-1460 at human unmutated and 10 microM IEM-1460 at mutant GluR channels. 5. Nondesensitizing GluR2 L504Y channels were used to further characterize the block mechanism. After equilibration with the agonist, a current decay upon coapplication of glutamate and IEM-1460 was observed. The recovery from block was independent of the glutamate and IEM-1460 concentration. The extent of current inhibition as well as the time constant of current decay upon addition of the blocker to the test solution were dependent on agonist concentration; this strongly points to an additional competitive-like block mechanism of IEM-1460 at human AMPA-type GluR channels. 6. The data were interpreted in the frame of a molecular scheme with two binding sites of IEM-1460 at the receptor, one at the unliganded resting and the other at the fully liganded open state of the channels.[1]


  1. Two mechanisms of action of the adamantane derivative IEM-1460 at human AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Schlesinger, F., Tammena, D., Krampfl, K., Bufler, J. Br. J. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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