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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lack of effective T-lymphocyte response to the PAX3/FKHR translocation area in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma.

PURPOSE: Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) frequently contains the fusion transcription factor PAX3/FKHR. Therefore, clinical studies have been initiated to utilize the PAX3/FKHR translocation point area as a peptide vaccine against ARMS. Our study was directed at identifying antigenic T-lymphocyte epitopes at the PAX3/FKHR translocation point area. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The peptide sequence surrounding the PAX3/FKHR translocation point was evaluated by MHC binding algorithms for potential T-lymphocyte antigenic epitopes (class I molecules HLA-A1, -A2 and -A3; class II molecules HLA-DR1, -DR4 and -DR7). Using in vitro techniques, dendritic cells loaded with PAX3/FKHR peptides were used to stimulate naive T-lymphocytes. T-lymphocyte activity was then evaluated by 51Cr release and 3H-thymidine uptake assays. RESULTS: Only one HLA-A3-restricted epitope was predicted by the algorithms. The peptide was prepared and tested for its ability to stimulate naive cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs). Unfortunately, the peptide was unsuccessful at stimulating naive CTL. However, induction of naive helper T-lymphocytes (HTL) to recognize and respond to the PAX3/FKHR translocation peptide was successful. Yet, this HTL peptide activity did not translate into recognition of PAX3/FKHR-containing ARMS tumor cells. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that the fusion area of PAX3/FKHR may not be a good source of antigenic anti-tumor peptide epitopes. These results raise serious concerns about the success and applicability of future peptide-based vaccine immunotherapy directed at the PAX3/FKHR translocation point.[1]


  1. Lack of effective T-lymphocyte response to the PAX3/FKHR translocation area in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Rodeberg, D.A., Nuss, R.A., Heppelmann, C.J., Celis, E. Cancer Immunol. Immunother. (2005) [Pubmed]
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