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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Atmospheric pressure ionization in a miniature mass spectrometer.

A miniature cylindrical ion trap mass spectrometer featuring an atmospheric pressure interface allowing atmospheric pressure chemical ionization and electrospray ionization is described together with its analytical performance characteristics. The vacuum system, ion optics, mass analyzer, control electronics system, and detection system have all been designed and built in-house. The design is based upon a three-stage, differentially pumped vacuum system with the instrument capable of being interfaced to many types of atmospheric pressure ionization sources. Ions are transferred through home-built ion optics, and instrument control is achieved through custom-designed electronics and LabView control software. Corona discharge ionization and electrospray ionization sources are implemented and used to allow the analysis of both gaseous- and solution-phase samples during the characterization of the instrument. An upper mass/charge limit of approximately 450 Th with unit resolution was achieved using a 2.5-mm-internal radius cylindrical ion trap as the mass analyzer. The specificity of the instrument can be increased by employing the MS/MS capabilities of the ion trap and has been demonstrated for nitrobenzene. Limits of detection for the trace analysis in air of the chemical warfare agent simulant methyl salicylate (1.24 ppb) and for nitrobenzene (629 pptr) are achieved. The dynamic range of the instrument is currently limited to approximately 2 orders of magnitude by saturation of the detection electronics. Isolation and collision-induced dissociation efficiencies in MS/MS experiments both greater than 50% are reported. Electrospray/nanospray data are presented on solutions including 100 microM (D,L)-arginine, 10 microM (-)-ephedrine, and 10 microM lomefloxacin.[1]


  1. Atmospheric pressure ionization in a miniature mass spectrometer. Laughlin, B.C., Mulligan, C.C., Cooks, R.G. Anal. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
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