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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Two photoaffinity analogues of the tripeptide, hemiasterlin, exclusively label alpha-tubulin.

A synthetic analogue of the tripeptide hemiasterlin, designated HTI-286, depolymerizes microtubules, is a poor substrate for P-glycoprotein, and inhibits the growth of paclitaxel-resistant tumors in xenograft models. Two radiolabeled photoaffinity analogues of HTI-286, designated 4-benzoyl-N,beta,beta-trimethyl-l-phenylalanyl-N(1)-[(1S,2E)-3-carboxy-1-isopropylbut-2-enyl]-N(1),3-dimethyl-l-valinamide (probe 1) and N,beta,beta-trimethyl-l-phenylalanyl-4-benzoyl-N-[(1S,2E)-3-carboxy-1-isopropyl-2-butenyl]-N,beta,beta-trimethyl-l-phenylalaninamide (probe 2), were made to help identify HTI-286 binding sites in tubulin. HTI-286, probe 1, and probe 2 had similar affinities for purified tubulin [apparent K(D(app)) = 0.2-1.1 microM], inhibited polymerization of purified tubulin approximately 80%, and were potent inhibitors of cell growth (IC(50) = 1.0-22 nM). Both radiolabeled probes labeled exclusively alpha-tubulin. Labeling by [(3)H]probe 1 was inhibited by probe 1, HTI-286, vinblastine, or dolastatin 10 (another peptide antimitotic agent that depolymerizes microtubules) but was either unaffected or enhanced (at certain temperatures) by colchicine or paclitaxel. [(3)H]Probe 1 also labeled exclusively tubulin in cytosolic extracts of whole cells. The major, if not exclusive, contact site for probe 1 was mapped to residues 314-339 of alpha-tubulin and corresponds to the sheet 8 and helix 10 region. This region is known to (1) have longitudinal interactions with beta-tubulin across the interdimer interface, (2) have lateral interactions with adjacent protofilaments, and (3) contact the N-terminal region of stathmin, a protein that induces depolymerization of tubulin. Binding of probe 1 to this region may alter the conformation of tubulin outside the labeling domain, since enzymatic removal of the C-terminus of only alpha-tubulin by subtilisin after, but not before, photolabeling is blocked by probe 1. These results suggest that hemiasterlin is in close contact with alpha-tubulin and may span the interdimer interface so that it contacts the vinblastine- and dolastatin 10-binding sites believed to be in beta-tubulin. In addition, we speculate that antimitotic peptides mimic the interaction of stathmin with tubulin.[1]


  1. Two photoaffinity analogues of the tripeptide, hemiasterlin, exclusively label alpha-tubulin. Nunes, M., Kaplan, J., Wooters, J., Hari, M., Minnick, A.A., May, M.K., Shi, C., Musto, S., Beyer, C., Krishnamurthy, G., Qiu, Y., Loganzo, F., Ayral-Kaloustian, S., Zask, A., Greenberger, L.M. Biochemistry (2005) [Pubmed]
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