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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of trophic transfer for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, non- and mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls in the marine food web of Bohai Bay, North China.

Many investigations have highlighted the bioaccumulation of dioxins in animals, but little is known about the trophodynamics of dioxins in the food web. In this study, the trophic transfer of nine dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD) congeners, eleven dibenzofuran (PCDF) congeners, and twelve non-, mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyl (non- and mono-ortho PCBs) congeners in a marine food web were determined. The concentrations of PCDDs, PCDFs, non- and mono-ortho PCBs were analyzed in phytoplankton/ seston, zooplankton, three invertebrate species, six fish species, and one seabirds species collected from Bohai Bay, representing approximately 4 trophic levels based on stable nitrogen isotope values. Positive relationships were found between trophic levels and lipid equivalent concentrations of non- and mono-ortho PCBs except for PCB-77, PCB-81, PCB-126, PCB-156, and PCB-167, indicating bioaccumulation of these compounds in this food web. But lipid equivalent concentrations of low chlorinated 2,3,7,8-substituted-PCDD/Fs did not exhibit statistically significant trends with trophic levels. And lipid equivalent concentrations of high chlorinated 2,3,7,8-substituted-PCDD/Fs and three non-2,3,7,8-substituted-PCDD/Fs declined significantly with increasing trophic levels providing that these isomers undergo trophic dilution. The similarity in log Kow values for non-, mono-ortho PCBs, non-2,3,7,8-substituted-PCDD/Fs, and some 2,3,7,8-substituted-PCDD/Fs suggests that the difference of trophic transfer is mainly due to their different metabolic transformation rates.[1]


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