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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ATP8B1 mutations in British cases with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.

BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects approximately 0.7% of pregnancies in the UK and is associated with prematurity, fetal distress, and intrauterine death. Homozygous mutations in the ATP8B1 gene cause cholestasis with a normal serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT), and have been reported in two forms of cholestasis: progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 1 (PFIC1) and benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC). AIMS: To establish whether mutations in ATP8B1 are associated with ICP in British cases PATIENTS: Sixteen well phenotyped women with ICP without raised gamma-GT were selected for sequence analysis. Subsequently, 182 patients and 120 controls were examined for the presence of the variants detected. METHODS: All coding exons were sequenced in 16 cases. Eight ICP cases, including two women carrying a mutation, were investigated using in vivo hepatic (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) RESULTS: Two heterozygous ATP8B1 transitions (208G>A and 2599C>T) that resulted in amino acid substitutions were identified; 208G>A was identified in three cases. MRS revealed an increased phosphodiester signal (Mann-Whitney U test, p = 0.03) and a decreased phosphomonoester/phosphodiester ratio (p = 0.04) in ICP cases compared with controls. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to demonstrate ATP8B1 mutations in ICP. MRS studies suggest that susceptibility to ICP is associated with a relative rise in biliary phospholipid. These data also suggest that MRS may be used for non-invasive assessment of the liver and biliary constituents in cholestasis.[1]


  1. ATP8B1 mutations in British cases with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Müllenbach, R., Bennett, A., Tetlow, N., Patel, N., Hamilton, G., Cheng, F., Chambers, J., Howard, R., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Williamson, C. Gut (2005) [Pubmed]
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