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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Centaurin-alpha1 interacts directly with kinesin motor protein KIF13B.

Centaurin-alpha(1) is a phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate binding protein as well as a GTPase activating protein (GAP) for the ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) family of small GTPases. To further understand its cellular function, we screened a rat brain cDNA library using centaurin-alpha(1) as bait to identify centaurin-alpha(1) interacting proteins. The yeast two-hybrid screen identified a novel kinesin motor protein as a centaurin-alpha(1) binding partner. The motor protein, termed KIF13B, encoded by a single approximately 9.5-kb transcript, is widely expressed with high levels observed in brain and kidney. Yeast two-hybrid and GST pull-down assays showed that the interaction between centaurin-alpha(1) and KIF13B is direct and mediated by the GAP domain of centaurin-alpha(1) and the stalk domain of KIF13B. Centaurin-alpha(1) and KIF13B form a complex in vivo and the KIF13B interaction appears to be specific to centaurin-alpha(1) as other members of the ARF GAP family did not show any binding activity. We also show that KIF13B and centaurin-alpha(1) colocalize at the leading edges of the cell periphery whereas a deletion mutant of centaurin-alpha(1) that lacks the KIF13B binding site, failed to colocalize with KIF13B in vivo. Finally, we demonstrate that KIF13B binding suppresses the ARF6 GAP activity of centaurin-alpha(1) in intact cells. Together, our data suggest a mechanism where direct binding between centaurin-alpha(1) and KIF13B could concentrate centaurin-alpha(1) at the leading edges of cells, thus modulating ARF6 function.[1]


  1. Centaurin-alpha1 interacts directly with kinesin motor protein KIF13B. Venkateswarlu, K., Hanada, T., Chishti, A.H. J. Cell. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
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