The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thrombomodulin enhances the invasive activity of mouse mammary tumor cells.

Thrombomodulin ( TM) is a thrombin receptor on the surface of endothelial cells that converts thrombin from a procoagulant to an anticoagulant. Thrombin promotes invasion by various tumor cells, and positive or negative correlations are found between the expression of TM and tumorigenesis in some patients. In this study, we used an invasion assay to investigate the effect of TM on the invasive activity of a mouse mammary tumor cell line, MMT cells, and the effects of TM were compared with those of thrombin as a positive control. In the presence of 1% fetal calf serum (FCS), TM significantly stimulated MMT cell invasion in a dose-dependent manner, resulting in an approximately 3-fold increase at 1-10 pg/ml over the untreated control. Thrombin also caused a similar degree of stimulation at 50 ng/ml. Since thrombin activity was detected in the components of the assay system, an invasion assay was also performed in a thrombin-activity-depleted assay system constructed to eliminate the effect of thrombin activity; TM (10 pg/ml) plus thrombin (1 pg/ml) stimulated invasion by approximately 3.5-fold in this assay system. Hirudin, a specific thrombin inhibitor, inhibited stimulation by TM as well as by thrombin in both the presence and absence of 1% FCS. Investigations of the effects of TM on proliferation, adhesion and chemotaxis to clarify the mechanism of stimulation by TM revealed that TM does not affect proliferation or adhesion in the presence of 1% FCS, but stimulates chemotaxis by approximately 2.3-fold. Similar results were obtained in experiments using thrombin. TM (10 pg/ml) plus thrombin (1 pg/ml), on the other hand, stimulated chemotaxis by approximately 2.3-fold in the thrombin-activity-depleted assay system. Binding studies using [125I]-thrombin revealed that the cells have specific saturable binding sites for thrombin. These results show that TM stimulates the invasive activity of MMT cells, probably by acting as a cofactor for the thrombin-stimulated invasion of the cells via its receptor and lowering the effective concentration of thrombin. The findings also indicate that the stimulation of invasive activity in the presence of 1% FCS and in the thrombin-activity-depleted assay system may mainly be mediated by the stimulation of chemotaxis.[1]


  1. Thrombomodulin enhances the invasive activity of mouse mammary tumor cells. Niimi, S., Harashima, M., Takayama, K., Hara, M., Hyuga, M., Seki, T., Ariga, T., Kawanishi, T., Hayakawa, T. J. Biochem. (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities