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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Partitioning of tetrachlorophenol into lipid bilayers and sarcoplasmic reticulum: effect of length of acyl chains, carbonyl group of lipids and biomembrane structure.

We report results of a partitioning study of 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol (TeCP). In the study we explored (1) the effect of the length of acyl chains of lipids (C16:1 - C24:1) and alkanes (C6-C16), (2) the role of the carbonyl group of lipids, and (3) the effect of molecular structure of the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane on TeCP partitioning. Mole fraction partition coefficients have been measured using equilibrium dialysis for un-ionized (HA), and ionized (A) species, Kp(x) (HA), Kp(x) (A). Their values are concentration-dependent. Partition coefficients were analyzed in terms of a model that accounts for saturation of membrane associated with the finite area of partition site, and electrostatic interactions of (A-) species with charged membrane. Limiting values of partition coefficients, corresponding to infinite dilution of solute, Kp(x0) (HA), Kp(x0) (A) were obtained. Kp(x0) (HA) and Kp(x0) (A ) measure the strength of solute-membrane interactions. Studies were done with single-layered vesicles of lipids with variable chain length: 1,2-dipalmitoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (C16:1), 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (C18:1), 1,2-dierucoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (C22:1), and 1 ,2-dinervonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (C24:1), and egg-PC. Kp(x0) for transfer of TeCP from water into lipid membranes was found to be independent of the length of acyl chains, whereas Kp(x0) for transfer from water into alkanes increased with the length of alkane. The effect of the carbonyl CO group of lipids on partitioning was measured using 1,2-di-o-octadecenyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (CO absent) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (CO present) liposomes. Carbonyl groups, known to change dipolar potential, had no effect on partitioning. Partition coefficients of un-ionized and ionized forms of TeCP were invariant to the presence of proteins and other membrane components of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membrane.[1]


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