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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical characterization of the native Kv2.1 potassium channel.

Functional diversity of potassium channels in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells suggests multiple levels of regulation. Posttranslational regulation includes differential subunit assembly of homologous pore-forming subunits. In addition, a variety of modulatory subunits may interact with the pore complex either statically or dynamically. Kv2.1 is a delayed rectifier potassium channel isolated by expression cloning. The native polypeptide has not been purified, hence composition of the Kv2.1 channel complexes was not well understood. Here we report a biochemical characterization of Kv2.1 channel complexes from both recombinant cell lines and native rat brain. The channel complexes behave as large macromolecular complexes with an apparent oligomeric size of 650 kDa as judged by gel filtration chromatography. The molecular complexes have distinct biochemical populations detectable by a panel of antibodies. This is indicative of functional heterogeneity. Despite mRNA distribution in a variety of tissues, the native Kv2.1 polypeptides are more abundantly found in brain and have predominantly Kv2.1 subunits but not homologous Kv2.2 subunits. The proteins precipitated by anti-Kv2.1 and their physiological relevance are of interest for further investigation.[1]


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