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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

HIF1-alpha overexpression indicates a good prognosis in early stage squamous cell carcinomas of the oral floor.

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor, which plays a central role in biologic processes under hypoxic conditions, especially concerning tumour angiogenesis. HIF-1alpha is the relevant, oxygen-dependent subunit and its overexpression has been associated with a poor prognosis in a variety of malignant tumours. Therefore, HIF-1alpha expression in early stage oral carcinomas was evaluated in relation to established clinico-pathological features in order to determine its value as a prognostic marker. METHODS: 85 patients with histologically proven surgically treated T1/2 squamous cell carcinoma ( SCC) of the oral floor were eligible for the study. Tumor specimens were investigated by means of tissue micro arrays (TMAs) and immunohistochemistry for the expression of HIF-1. Correlations between clinical features and the expression of HIF-1 were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank tests and multivariate Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: HIF-1alpha was frequently overexpressed in a probably non-hypoxia related fashion. The expression of HIF-1alpha was related with a significantly improved 5-year survival rate (p < 0.01) and a significantly increased disease free period (p = 0.01) independent from nodal status and tumour size. In primary node negative T1/T2 SCC of the oral floor, absence of HIF-1alpha expression specified a subgroup of high-risk patients (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: HIF-1alpha overexpression is an indicator of favourable prognosis in T1 and T2 SCC of the oral floor. Node negative patients lacking HIF-1alpha expression may therefore be considered for adjuvant radiotherapy.[1]


  1. HIF1-alpha overexpression indicates a good prognosis in early stage squamous cell carcinomas of the oral floor. Fillies, T., Werkmeister, R., van Diest, P.J., Brandt, B., Joos, U., Buerger, H. BMC Cancer (2005) [Pubmed]
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