The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dissimilar effects of LY 294002 and PD 098059 in IGF-I-mediated inhibition of TGF-beta(1) expression and apoptosis in bovine mammary epithelial cells.

In mammary epithelial cells (MEC) TGF-beta(1) is the auto-/paracrine growth inhibitor and inducer of apoptosis and therefore is considered as an important local regulator of mammary tissue involution. However, the mechanisms of controlled TGF-beta(1) expression in the course of bovine mammary gland remodelling are still unclear. Recent study performed in this laboratory support the evidence that TGF-beta(1) expression in bovine MEC is regulated by hormones of somatotropic axis (GH, IGF-I and somatostatin). Present study was focused on the contribution of IGF-I-induced signaling pathways in anti-TGF-beta(1) and anti-apoptotic effects of IGF-I. Laser scanning cytometry was applied for the measurement of TGF-beta(1) content and apoptotic cell number in bovine BME-UV1 MEC. Involution of the bovine mammary gland in vitro was modeled by decreasing the availability of FBS for bovine MEC. Reducing FBS content in the medium from 10% to 0.5% evoked highly significant increase of TGF-beta(1) expression and increase of apoptotic cell number. IGF-I (50 ng/ml) completely abrogated FBS deficiency-induced TGF-beta(1) expression and apoptosis in bovine MEC. In order to establish which of the IGF-I signaling pathways contributed to anti-TGF-beta(1) and anti-apoptotic effects, the inhibitors of PI3-kinase - (LY 294002) and MEK- (MAPKK for ERK) (PD 098059) mediated signaling pathways were applied to our model. The results clearly showed that inhibition of PI3-K reverses the ability of IGF-I to suppress TGF-beta(1) expression and apoptosis. An inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway even potentiated inhibitory effect of IGF-I on TGF-beta(1) expression, but partially abrogated anti-apoptotic effect of IGF-I. In conclusion, the results of the study indicate that PI3-K/Akt pathway contributed significantly to the inhibition of TGF-beta(1) expression by IGF-I, whereas both PI3-K/Akt and ERK1/2 pathways are involved in the anti-apoptotic effect of IGF-I in bovine MEC.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities