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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prognostic value of plasma brain natriuretic peptide, urea nitrogen, and creatinine in outpatients >70 years of age with heart failure.

This study analyzed the relevance of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and echocardiography in predicting cardiovascular events in a large population >70 years old with heart failure (HF). Three hundred four outpatients with HF (51.6% men, mean age 78.6) underwent transthoracic echocardiography and plasma BNP testing shortly before hospital discharge. Echocardiography was intended to reveal systolic dysfunction (left ventricular [LV] ejection fraction [EF] <50%) or diastolic dysfunction (EF > or =50% and abnormalities of ventricular relaxation). During 6-month follow-up, all-cause death and readmission were assessed. One hundred seventeen patients had diastolic dysfunction with preserved systolic LV function, and 187 had systolic dysfunction. At 6-month clinical follow-up, 33 subjects (10.9%) had died, and 62 (20.4%) needed readmission for cardiac decompensation. In all patients, univariate logistic regression demonstrated significant correlations between age (r = 0.14, p = 0.01), plasma BNP (r = 0.36, p = 0.0001), the EF (r = 0.16, p = 0.003), urea nitrogen (r = 0.35, p = 0.0001), serum creatinine (r = 0.27, p = 0.0001), and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class (r = 0.35, p = 0.0001) and the occurrence of cardiovascular events. In patients with HF in NYHA class III or IV, a BNP cut-off level of 200 pg/ml identified different outcomes (BNP <200 pg/ml in 1 of 20 events vs BNP >200 pg/ml in 55 of 85 events, p = 0.0001). In patients with HF who were >70 years old, BNP, NYHA class, and renal function predicted adverse outcome. In patients with severe HF, BNP was better than NYHA class in predicting future events.[1]


  1. Prognostic value of plasma brain natriuretic peptide, urea nitrogen, and creatinine in outpatients &gt;70 years of age with heart failure. Feola, M., Aspromonte, N., Canali, C., Ceci, V., Giovinazzo, P., Milani, L., Quarta, G., Ricci, R., Scardovi, A.B., Uslenghi, E., Valle, R. Am. J. Cardiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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