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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intercalated cell H+/OH- transporter expression is reduced in Slc26a4 null mice.

Slc26a4 (Pds) encodes pendrin, a Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger expressed in the apical region of type B and non-A, non-B cells, which mediates secretion of OH(-) equivalents. Thus genetic disruption of Slc26a4 leads to systemic alkalosis in some treatment models. However, humans and mice with genetic disruption of Slc26a4 have normal acid-base balance under basal conditions. Thus we asked: 1) Is net acid excretion altered in Slc26a4 (-/-) mice under basal conditions? 2) In the absence of pendrin-mediated OH(-) secretion, are increases in intracellular and systemic pH minimized through changes in intercalated cell subtype abundance or intercalated cell H(+)/OH(-) transporter expression? To answer these questions, net acid excretion and H(+)/OH(-) transporter expression were examined in Slc26a4 (-/-) and Slc26a4 (+/+) mice using balance studies, immunolocalization, and immunoblotting. Excretion of ammonium, titratable acid, and citrate were the same in Slc26a4 null and wild-type mice. However, urinary pH and Pco(2) were much lower in Slc26a4 null relative to wild-type mice due to reduced urinary buffering of secreted H(+) by HCO(3)(-). Abundance of non-A, but not type A intercalated cells, was reduced within the cortical collecting ducts of Slc26a4 null mice. Moreover, kidneys from Slc26a4 null mice had reduced H(+)-ATPase, NBC3 and RhBG total protein expression, particularly within type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells, although RhCG protein expression was unchanged. Reduced intercalated cell H(+)/OH(-) transporter expression is observed in Slc26a4 null mice, which likely attenuates the rise in intracellular and systemic pH expected with genetic disruption of Slc26a4.[1]


  1. Intercalated cell H+/OH- transporter expression is reduced in Slc26a4 null mice. Kim, Y.H., Verlander, J.W., Matthews, S.W., Kurtz, I., Shin, W., Weiner, I.D., Everett, L.A., Green, E.D., Nielsen, S., Wall, S.M. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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