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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Internalization of cloned pancreatic polypeptide receptors is accelerated by all types of Y4 agonists.

Internalization of cloned rat or human Y4 receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells increased with concentration of all types of Y4 agonists, including human and rat pancreatic polypeptides, the Y1 receptor group co-agonists possessing C-terminal TRPRY.NH2 pentapeptide, and a C-terminally amidated dimeric nonapeptide related to neuropeptide Y, GR231118. These peptides also inhibited forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in Y4 receptor-expressing cells, and stimulated the binding of 35S-labeled GTP-gamma-S to pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins in particulates from these cells. Peptide VD-11 (differing from GR231118 only by C-terminal oxymethylation) acted as a competitive antagonist in all of the above processes. Agonist-induced stimulation of the Y4 receptor internalization persisted in the presence of allosteric inhibitors of hPP binding, N5-substituted amilorides, which also were relatively little active in G-protein stimulation and cyclase inhibition by Y4 agonists. Acceleration of Y4 receptor internalization by agonists apparently is related to relaxation of allosteric constraints to ligand attachment and sequestration of the receptor-ligand complex.[1]


  1. Internalization of cloned pancreatic polypeptide receptors is accelerated by all types of Y4 agonists. Parker, M.S., Sah, R., Sheriff, S., Balasubramaniam, A., Parker, S.L. Regul. Pept. (2005) [Pubmed]
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