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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Multiple actions of U-37883A, an ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker, on membrane currents in pig urethra.

The effects of U-37883A, a vascular ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP) channel) blocker, on membrane currents were investigated in pig urethral myocytes by use of patch-clamp techniques (conventional whole-cell recordings, nystatin-perforated patches and cell-attached configuration). Tension measurement was also performed to study the effects of U-37883A on the levcromakalim-induced urethral relaxation and the urethral resting tone in the absence and presence of Bay K 8644. Although cumulative application of U-37883A produced a concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on the levcromakalim-induced urethral relaxation, U-37883A did not abolish the relaxation. In nystatin-perforated patch recording, K(ATP) currents activated by levcromakalim were inhibited by U-37883A in a concentration-dependent manner (K(i), 4.7 microM). Approximately 10% of the K(ATP) currents still remained even in the presence of 300 microM U-37883A. In cell-attached mode, extracellular application of U-37883A (100 microM) irreversibly inhibited the activity of the levcromakalim-induced K(ATP) channels. In whole-cell configuration, U-37883A suppressed the peak amplitude of voltage-dependent Ba(2+) currents in a concentration- and voltage-dependent manner, and at 30 microM, shifted the steady-state inactivation curve of the Ba(2+) currents to the left at -90 mV. These results demonstrate that U-37883A reduces not only the activities of K(ATP) channels but also voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. Therefore, it is not appropriate to define U-37883A as solely a vascular K(ATP) channel blocker.[1]


  1. Multiple actions of U-37883A, an ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker, on membrane currents in pig urethra. Tomoda, T., Yunoki, T., Naito, S., Ito, Y., Teramoto, N. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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