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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stress-activated signaling pathways mediate the stimulation of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A expression in cultured human fibroblasts.

Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A ( PAPP-A) is an IGF binding protein protease that appears to function as a posttranslational modulator of IGF bioavailability in response to injury. A previous study indicated that the proinflammatory cytokines, TNFalpha and IL-1beta, were potent stimulators of PAPP-A expression in cultured human fibroblasts. In this study, we investigated the intracellular signaling pathways mediating cytokine-stimulated PAPP-A expression. Treatment of human fibroblasts with TNFalpha and IL-1beta (1 nm) had little or no effect on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Erk1/2 activation, pathways commonly associated with proliferation. On the other hand, TNFalpha and IL-1beta induced p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and nuclear factor (NF)kappaB activation, pathways more closely related to stress response. An inhibitor of p38 activation (SB203580) had no effect on TNFalpha- or IL-1beta- stimulated PAPP-A expression. The JNK inhibitor, SP600125, had no effect on IL-1beta- or TNFalpha-stimulated PAPP-A mRNA expression. However, SP600125 effectively inhibited IL-1beta-induced PAPP-A protein expression. MG-132, a proteasome inhibitor that blocked degradation of the intrinsic NFkappaB inhibitor, IkappaB, and thereby prevented NFkappaB activation, was a potent inhibitor of both TNFalpha- and IL-1beta-stimulated PAPP-A mRNA and protein expression and IGF binding protein-4 protease activity. MG-132 had no effect on JNK phosphorylation or p38 activation, and SB203580 and SP600125 had no effect on IkappaB degradation, documenting inhibitor specificity. BAY11-7082, another inhibitor of NFkappaB activation, also inhibited TNFalpha- and IL-1beta-stimulated PAPP-A expression and IGF binding protein-4 protease activity. These data indicate that NFkappaB activation is the primary mediator of cytokine-stimulated PAPP-A expression in human fibroblasts.[1]


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