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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sensitive determination of cystathionine and assays for cystathionine beta- and gamma-lyase, as well as cystathionine beta-synthase, using high-performance liquid chromatography.

Cystathionine was cleaved into 2-ketobutyric acid, cysteine and ammonia by cystathionase. 2-Ketobutyric acid was converted into 3-ethyl-2-hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyquinoxaline (EHDQ) by reaction with 1,2-diamino-4,5-dimethoxybenzene. When EHDQ was measured in a mobile phase of pH 2.1 using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection, 250 pmol of L-cystathionine in 250 microliters of the reaction mixture could be determined. Because EHDQ has a strong fluorescence in a mobile phase of pH 6.5 at 447 nm, on excitation at 365 nm, as little as 2.5 pmol of cystathionine in 250 microliters of the reaction mixture could be determined by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection. Cystathionase activity was assayed on the basis of the same principle by determining cystathionine in as little as 63 ng of rat liver by fluorimetric detection. Cystathionine beta-synthase activity was measured by the same method by determining cystathionine formed in only 113 ng of wet weight of rat liver. Using these methods, both cystathionine beta- and gamma-lyase activities in Saccharomyces cerevisiae were determined, because quinoxaline derivatives from pyruvate and 2-ketobutyrate could be measured simultaneously by high-performance liquid chromatography.[1]


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