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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential autocrine modulation of atrial and ventricular potassium currents and of oxidative stress in diabetic rats.

The autocrine modulation of cardiac K(+) currents was compared in ventricular and atrial cells (V and A cells, respectively) from Type 1 diabetic rats. K(+) currents were measured by using whole cell voltage clamp. ANG II was measured by ELISA and immunofluorescent labeling. Oxidative stress was assessed by immunofluorescent labeling with dihydroethidium, a measure of superoxide ions. In V cells, K(+) currents are attenuated after activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the resulting ANG II-mediated oxidative stress. In striking contrast, these currents are not attenuated in A cells. Inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) also has no effect, in contrast to current augmentation in V cells. ANG II levels are enhanced in V, but not in A, cells. However, the high basal ANG II levels in A cells suggest that in these cells, ANG II-mediated pathways are suppressed, rather than ANG II formation. Concordantly, superoxide ion levels are lower in diabetic A than in V cells. Several findings indicate that high atrial natriuretic peptide ( ANP) levels in A cells inhibit RAS activation. In male diabetic V cells, in vitro ANP (300 nM-1 muM, >5 h) decreases oxidative stress and augments K(+) currents, but not when excess ANG II is present. ANP has no effect on ventricular K(+) currents when the RAS is not activated, as in control males, in diabetic males treated with ACE inhibitor and in diabetic females. In conclusion, the modulation of K(+) currents and oxidative stress is significantly different in A and V cells in diabetic rat hearts. The evidence suggests that this is largely due to inhibition of RAS activation and/or action by ANP in A cells. These results may underlie chamber-specific arrhythmogenic mechanisms.[1]


  1. Differential autocrine modulation of atrial and ventricular potassium currents and of oxidative stress in diabetic rats. Shimoni, Y., Hunt, D., Chen, K., Emmett, T., Kargacin, G. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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