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Synthesis of the acridone alkaloids glyfoline and congeners. Structure-activity relationship studies of cytotoxic acridones.

Glyfoline (4, 1,6-dihydroxy-10-methyl-2,3,4,5-tetramethoxyacridin-9-one) and its congeners were synthesized for evaluation of their cytotoxicity. A detailed structure-activity relationships (SAR) of these acridone derivatives were also studied. To study the SAR of glyfoline analogues, substituent(s) at C-1 and C-6 and at the heterocyclic nitrogen of glyfoline nucleus were modified. Nitro- and amino-substituted glyfoline analogues were also synthesized to study the effects of substituent(s) (electron-withdrawing vs electron-donating) on their cytotoxicity. These compounds were synthesized via the Ullmann condensation of anthranilic acids with iodobenzenes or 2-chlorobenzoic acids with aniline derivatives. The SAR studies showed that 1-hydroxy-9-acridones were more active than their 1-OMe derivatives against cell growth of human leukemic HL-60 cells in culture. Replacement of NMe of glyfoline with NH or N(CH2)2NEt2 resulted in either total loss or dramatic reduction of cytotoxicity. Glyfoline congeners with nitro function at the A-ring were inactive, while compounds with amino substituent were shown to be cytotoxic in vitro.[1]

References

  1. Synthesis of the acridone alkaloids glyfoline and congeners. Structure-activity relationship studies of cytotoxic acridones. Su, T.L., Köhler, B., Chou, T.C., Chun, M.W., Watanabe, K.A. J. Med. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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