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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the mouse organic solute transporter {alpha}-beta, Ost{alpha}-Ostbeta, by bile acids.

The mechanisms responsible for bile acid regulation of mouse intestinal organic solute transporter alpha-beta (Ostalpha-Ostbeta) expression were investigated. Expression of Ostalpha-Ostbeta mRNA was increased in cecum and proximal colon of cholic acid-fed mice and in chenodeoxycholate-treated mouse CT26 colon adenocarcinoma cells. Sequence analysis revealed potential cis-acting elements for farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1) in the mouse Ostalpha and Ostbeta promoters and reporter constructs containing Ostalpha and Ostbeta 5'-flanking sequences were positively regulated by bile acids. Expression of a dominant-negative FXR, reduction of FXR with interfering small RNA (siRNA), or mutation of the potential FXR elements decreased Ostalpha and Ostbeta promoter activity and abolished the induction by chenodeoxycolic acid. Negative regulation of the Ostalpha and Ostbeta promoters by bile acids was mediated through LRH-1 elements. Ostalpha and Ostbeta promoter activities were increased by coexpression of LRH-1 and decreased by coexpression of SHP. Mutation of the potential LRH-1 elements and siRNA-mediated reduction of LRH-1 expression decreased basal promoter activity. As predicted from the promoter analyses, ileal Ostalpha and Ostbeta mRNA expressions were increased in wild-type mice administered the FXR agonist GW4064 and decreased in FXR-null mice. Immunoblotting analysis revealed that Ostalpha and Ostbeta intestinal protein expressions correlated with mRNA expression. The mouse Ostalpha and Ostbeta promoters are unusual in that they contain functional FXR and LRH elements, which mediate, respectively, positive and negative feedback regulation by bile acids. Although the positive regulatory pathway appears to be dominant, this arrangement provides a mechanism to finely titrate Ostalpha-Ostbeta expression to the bile acid flux.[1]


  1. Regulation of the mouse organic solute transporter {alpha}-beta, Ost{alpha}-Ostbeta, by bile acids. Frankenberg, T., Rao, A., Chen, F., Haywood, J., Shneider, B.L., Dawson, P.A. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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