The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

MITF mediates cAMP-induced protein kinase C-beta expression in human melanocytes.

The cAMP-dependent pathway up-regulates MITF (microphthalmia-associated transcription factor), important for key melanogenic proteins such as tyrosinase, TRP-1 (tyrosinase-related protein 1) and TRP-2. We asked whether MITF is also a key transcription factor for PKC-beta (protein kinase C-beta), required to phosphorylate otherwise inactive tyrosinase. When paired cultures of human melanocytes were treated with isobutylmethylxanthine, known to increase intracellular cAMP, both protein and mRNA levels of PKC-beta were induced by 24 h. To determine whether MITF modulates PKC-beta expression, paired cultures of human melanocytes were transfected with dn-MITF (dominant-negative MITF) or empty control vector. By immunoblotting, PKC-beta protein was reduced by 63+/-3.7% within 48 h. Co-transfection of an expression vector for MITF-M, the MITF isoform specific for pigment cells, or empty control vector with a full-length PKC-beta promoter-CAT (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase) reporter construct (PKC-beta/CAT) into Cos-7 cells showed >60-fold increase in CAT activity. Melanocytes abundantly also expressed MITF-A, as well as the MITF-B and MITF-H isoforms. However, in contrast with MITF-M, MITF-A failed to transactivate co-expressed PKC-beta/CAT or CAT constructs under the control of a full-length tyrosinase promoter. Together, these results demonstrate that MITF, specifically MITF-M, is a key transcription factor for PKC-beta, linking the PKC- and cAMP-dependent pathways in regulation of melanogenesis.[1]


  1. MITF mediates cAMP-induced protein kinase C-beta expression in human melanocytes. Park, H.Y., Wu, C., Yonemoto, L., Murphy-Smith, M., Wu, H., Stachur, C.M., Gilchrest, B.A. Biochem. J. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities