The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

High-throughput random mutagenesis screen reveals TRPM8 residues specifically required for activation by menthol.

Menthol is a cooling compound derived from mint leaves and is extensively used as a flavoring chemical. Menthol activates transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8), an ion channel also activated by cold, voltage and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). Here we investigated the mechanism by which menthol activates mouse TRPM8. Using a new high-throughput approach, we screened a random mutant library consisting of approximately 14,000 individual TRPM8 mutants for clones that are affected in their response to menthol while retaining channel function. We identified determinants of menthol sensitivity in two regions: putative transmembrane segment 2 (S2) and the C-terminal TRP domain. Analysis of these mutants indicated that activation by menthol involves a gating mechanism distinct and separable from gating by cold, voltage or PIP2. Notably, TRP domain mutations mainly attenuated menthol efficacy, suggesting that this domain influences events downstream of initial binding. In contrast, S2 mutations strongly shifted the concentration dependence of menthol activation, raising the possibility that S2 influences menthol binding.[1]

References

  1. High-throughput random mutagenesis screen reveals TRPM8 residues specifically required for activation by menthol. Bandell, M., Dubin, A.E., Petrus, M.J., Orth, A., Mathur, J., Hwang, S.W., Patapoutian, A. Nat. Neurosci. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities