The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Morphological transformation of [60]fullerene-containing poly(acrylic Acid) induced by the binding of surfactant.

Water-soluble pH-responsive [60]fullerene end-capped poly(acrylic acid) (PAA85-b-C60) was synthesized using atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) technique. The unusual morphological transformation of the polymer induced by the binding of nonionic surfactant Triton X-100 (TX100) at different degrees of neutralization (alpha) was investigated using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), UV-vis spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). For the 5 mM (monomer concentration) polymer solution at pH < 4, approximately 1.3 mM TX100 binds specifically to C60 domains of the polymeric micelles driven by hydrophobic interaction, which induces a structural transformation of the polymer from a large compound micelle with a radius of 110 nm to a dense precipitated spherical polymer/surfactant complex (PSC) with a radius of 500 nm. The precipitates are resolubilized by a wetting layer of TX100 in excess surfactant (> 1.7 mM in the polymer solution). The binding is significantly weakened and the complexation is disrupted with increasing pH, where the interaction completely ceased at pH > 6.[1]


  1. Morphological transformation of [60]fullerene-containing poly(acrylic Acid) induced by the binding of surfactant. Wang, C., Ravi, P., Tam, K.C. Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities