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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunohistochemical detection of multidrug-resistant protein expression in retinoblastoma treated by primary enucleation.

PURPOSE: To compare the expression of multidrug-resistant proteins in retinoblastoma tumors among eyes treated with primary enucleation. METHODS: A group of 18 patients with unilateral retinoblastoma with advanced intraocular disease was selected for the study. All patients had undergone primary enucleation. A histologic specimen from each patient was retrieved from the pathology archives and a tissue gene microarray was constructed (0.6 x 3-4 mm). Standard immunohistochemical techniques were used to study the tissue microarrays for the expression of the ATP-binding cassette ( ABC) transporters: breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP; ABCG2), multidrug-resistant protein 1/P-glycoprotein (MDR1/Pgp; ABCB1), multidrug-resistant-associated protein 1 (MRP1; ABCC1), MRP2 (ABCC2), and MRP4 (ABCC4). RESULTS: Of the 18 specimens retrieved, 16 had adequate tissue for study. MRP1 was expressed in 8 (50%) of 16 tumors, and MRP2 was expressed in 5 (31%) of 16 tumors. MDR1/Pgp was found in 2 (12%) of 16 retinoblastomas. MRP4 and BCRP were not detected in any of the tumors studied. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that multiple ABC transporters were present in a cohort of sporadic patients with unilateral retinoblastoma who underwent primary enucleation. Studies are planned of the expression of ABC transporters in eyes treated by chemotherapy and/or radiation as a comparison with this group.[1]


  1. Immunohistochemical detection of multidrug-resistant protein expression in retinoblastoma treated by primary enucleation. Wilson, M.W., Fraga, C.H., Fuller, C.E., Rodriguez-Galindo, C., Mancini, J., Hagedorn, N., Leggas, M.L., Stewart, C.F. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
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