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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Second messenger function of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate revealed by an improved enzymatic cycling assay.

Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is the most potent activator of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores known today. Although recent reports have suggested an important function of NAADP in human T lymphocytes, direct evidence for receptor-induced formation of NAADP is yet missing in these cells. Thus, we developed a highly sensitive and specific enzyme assay capable of quantifying low fmol amounts of NAADP. In unstimulated T cells, the NAADP concentration amounted to 4.4 +/- 1.6 nm (0.055 +/- 0.028 pmol/mg of protein). Stimulation of the cells via the T cell receptor/CD3 complex resulted in biphasic elevation kinetics of cellular NAADP levels and was characterized by a bell-shaped concentration-response curve for NAADP. In contrast, the NAADP concentration was elevated neither upon activation of the ADP-ribose/TRPM2 channel Ca2+ signaling system nor by an increase of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration upon thapsigargin stimulation. T cell receptor/CD3 complex-mediated NAADP formation was dependent on the activity of tyrosine kinases because genistein completely blocked NAADP elevation. Thus, we propose a regulated formation of NAADP upon specific stimulation of the T cell receptor/CD3 complex, suggesting a function of NAADP as a Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger during T cell activation.[1]


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