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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Results of the multicenter RENEWAL 3 AVT clinical study of cardiac resynchronization defibrillator therapy in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation impacts the clinical course of up to 50% of patients with advanced heart failure (HF) who are eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D). While RV-based defibrillators are available with advanced atrial diagnostics and therapies that provide rapid diagnosis and treatment of spontaneously occurring atrial tachycardia/fibrillation (AT/AF) episodes, there is no CRT-D device that combines atrial/ventricular and CRT therapies. PURPOSE: The purpose of the prospective multicenter RENEWAL 3 AVT study is to assess the performance of atrial diagnostics and therapies used in combination with a CRT-D device. METHODS: Enrolled patients were required to have indications for a CRT-D device and a documented episode of AT/AF within 12 months of enrollment. A total of 170 patients were enrolled over 9 months (85% male; mean age 72 +/- 10 years; NYHA classification: 88% III, 12% IV; left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] mean 23 +/- 6%; mean QRS duration 150 +/- 25 msec; 78% ischemic etiology). The documented atrial arrhythmia was AF in 77% of patients. A total of 60% of patients had the CRT-D device placed for primary prevention of sudden death and 40% of patients had a history of ventricular arrhythmia in addition to HF. The device operates in the biventricular (BiV) triggered mode for sensed ventricular events associated with AF. RESULTS: A total of 159 patients (95%) had a successful CRT-D implant. Over a mean follow-up of 5.7 +/- 2.3 months, there were a total of 152 atrial shocks delivered in 108 patients for induced (93%) or spontaneous (7%) occurring episodes of AF. Spontaneously occurring AF was observed in 40 patients (25%). The rate of first shock conversion was 118/152 (78%, mean energy 11.6 +/- 5.9 J). Overall shock therapy conversion rate was 138/152 (91%). The number of shock conversions resulting in sinus rhythm maintained for at least 2 minutes postshock was 87% for induced episodes. Therapy was delivered for spontaneous ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in nine patients (6%). There was no instance of ventricular proarrhythmia associated with atrial shock therapies, undersensing of ventricular arrhythmias, or interruption of CRT therapy associated with the combined device. CONCLUSIONS: In CRT-D candidates with a history of AF, 25% experience recurrent AF within 6 months of implant. Atrial detection and ventricular detection, shock, and resynchronization therapies are not compromised by the addition of atrial therapies to a CRT-D device.[1]


  1. Results of the multicenter RENEWAL 3 AVT clinical study of cardiac resynchronization defibrillator therapy in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Saxon, L.A., Greenfield, R.A., Crandall, B.G., Nydegger, C.C., Orlov, M., VAN Genderen, R. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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