The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Use of a novel assay based on intact recombinant viruses expressing green (EGFP) or red (DsRed2) fluorescent proteins to examine the contribution of pol and env genes to overall HIV-1 replicative fitness.

Multiple studies have described a reduction in the replicative fitness of HIV-1 isolates harboring mutations that confer resistance to antiretroviral drugs. Contradictory results, however, have been obtained depending on the methodology used in each study (Quinones-Mateu, M.E., Arts, E.J., 2002. Fitness of drug resistant HIV-I: methodology and clinical implications. Drug Resist. Update 5, 224-233), affecting our understanding of the potential relationship of viral replicative fitness with HIV-1 disease. It has been demonstrated previously that both pol and env genes play a major role in HIV-1 replicative fitness of clinical isolates. Therefore, measuring clinically relevant replicative fitness using recombinant viruses where a single mutation and/or viral gene have been introduced does not seem like a reasonable approach in this era of multi-target antiretroviral therapy. A novel method was developed to measure HIV-1 replicative fitness based on recombinant viruses expressing the enhanced green fluorescent (EGFP) or the Discosoma sp. red fluorescent (DsRed2) proteins in a HIV-1NL4-3 backbone. Contrary to previous designs to analyze HIV-1 fitness, these replication competent viruses were created in an intact viral genetic background (without deleting or affecting the expression of any viral gene). This new system was used to evaluate the contribution of drug-resistance mutations in the pol and env genes to overall viral replicative fitness (in the presence and absence of drug pressure) using direct growth competition experiments. Mutations in pol showed a stronger effect on HIV-1 replicative fitness than mutations in the env gene associated with resistance to enfuvirtide, corroborating the plasticity of the later gene to accept mutations and the sensibility of the protease and reverse transcriptase enzymes to drug-associated primary mutations. In conclusion, a new protocol was used to measure HIV-1 replicative fitness in either the presence or absence of antiretroviral drugs, which may be used as a high-throughput assay to help us understand the clinical significance of viral fitness.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities