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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunoelectron microscopic study of a new D-amino acid oxidase-immunoreactive subcompartment in rat liver peroxisomes.

We report the presence of a new subcompartment in rat liver peroxisomal matrix in which only D-amino acid oxidase is localized and other matrix enzymes are absent. By electron microscopic observation, the rat liver peroxisome has generally been considered to consist of a single limiting membrane, an electron-dense crystalline core, and a homogeneous matrix. Immunohistochemical staining for D-amino acid oxidase by the protein A-gold technique revealed the presence of a small area in the matrix that was immunoreactive for the enzyme and was less electron-dense than the surrounding matrix. The localization of D-amino acid oxidase in this small area of the peroxisomal matrix was confirmed by immunoelectron microscopy on freeze-substituted tissues processed without chemical fixation. To analyze the characteristics of the electron-lucent area, immunoreactivity for various peroxisomal enzymes, including catalase, acyl-CoA oxidase, enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional protein, 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, L-alpha-hydroxy acid oxidase (isozyme B), and glycolate oxidase (isozyme A), was assayed. The electron-lucent area was negative for all of these. By double staining for D-amino acid oxidase and catalase, using colloidal gold particles of different sizes, these enzymes were shown to be located in separate areas in the matrix.[1]


  1. Immunoelectron microscopic study of a new D-amino acid oxidase-immunoreactive subcompartment in rat liver peroxisomes. Usuda, N., Yokota, S., Ichikawa, R., Hashimoto, T., Nagata, T. J. Histochem. Cytochem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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