The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The intracellular region of ClC-3 chloride channel is in a partially folded state and a monomer.

In contrast to bacterial ClC chloride channels, all eukaryotic ClC chloride channels have a conserved long intracellular region that makes up of the carboxyl terminus of the protein and is necessary for channel functions as a channel gate. Little is known, however, about the molecular structure of the intracellular region of ClC chloride channels so far. Here, for the first time, we have expressed and purified the intracellular region of the rat ClC-3 chloride channel (C-ClC-3) as a water-soluble protein under physiological conditions, and investigated its structural characteristics and assembly behavior by means of circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), size exclusion chromatography and analytical ultracentrifugation. The far-UV CD spectra of C-ClC-3 in the native state and in the presence of urea clearly show that the protein has a significantly folded secondary structure consisting of alpha-helices and beta-sheets, while the near-UV CD spectra and DSC experiments indicate the protein is deficient in well-defined tertiary packing. Its Stokes radius is larger than its expected size as a folded globular protein, as determined on size exclusion chromatography. Furthermore, the DisEMBL program, a useful computational tool for the prediction of disordered/unstructured regions within a protein sequence, predicts that the protein is in a partially folded state. Based on these results, we conclude that C-ClC-3 is partially folded. On the other hand, both size exclusion chromatography and sedimentation equilibrium analysis show that C-ClC-3 exists as a monomer in solution, not a dimer like the whole ClC-3 molecule.[1]


  1. The intracellular region of ClC-3 chloride channel is in a partially folded state and a monomer. Li, S.J., Kawazaki, M., Ogasahara, K., Nakagawa, A. J. Biochem. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities