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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

E3-targeted anti-TRPC5 antibody inhibits store-operated calcium entry in freshly isolated pial arterioles.

Smooth muscle cells in arterioles have pivotal roles in the determination of blood pressure and distribution of local blood flow. The cells exhibit calcium entry in response to passive store depletion, but the mechanisms and relevance of this phenomenon are poorly understood. Previously, a role for canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) was indicated, but heterologous expression studies showed TRPC1 to have poor function in isolation, suggesting a requirement for additional proteins. Here we test the hypothesis that TRPC5 is such an additional protein, because TRPC5 forms heteromultimeric channels with TRPC1, and RNA encoding TRPC5 is present in arterioles. Recordings were from arteriolar fragments freshly isolated from rabbit pial membrane. Ionic current in response to store depletion has properties like that of the TRPC1/TRPC5 heteromultimer, and so the effect of the E3-targeted, externally acting, anti-TRPC5 blocking antibody (T5E3) was explored. T5E3 suppressed calcium entry in store-depleted arterioles but had no effect in the absence of store depletion. T5E3 preadsorbed to its antigenic peptide did not inhibit calcium entry. TRPC6 is commonly detected in smooth muscle and is present in the arterioles, but T5E3 had no effect on TRPC6. The data suggest that calcium entry occurring in response to passive store depletion in smooth muscle cells of arterioles involves TRPC5 as well as TRPC1.[1]


  1. E3-targeted anti-TRPC5 antibody inhibits store-operated calcium entry in freshly isolated pial arterioles. Xu, S.Z., Boulay, G., Flemming, R., Beech, D.J. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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