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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Carbon-sulfur bond formation via alkene addition to an oxidized ruthenium thiolate.

Bulk oxidation of [Ru(DPPBT)3], 1b, (DPPBT = 2-diphenylphosphinobenzenethiolate) in the presence of ethylene yields [(ethane-1,2-diylbis(thio-2,1-phenylene)diphenylphosphine) ruthenium(II)] hexafluorophosphate, [2a]PF6, from the addition of the alkene across cis sulfur sites. During oxidation, the absorption bands of 1b at 540, 797, and 1041 nm decrease in intensity. The resulting complex [2a]+ displays a single redox couple at +804 mV. The +ESI-MS of [2a]+ shows a parent ion peak at m/z = 1009.1013, and the 31P NMR spectrum displays chemical shift values of delta(1) = 61.0, delta(2) = 40.3, and delta(3) = 37.5 with coupling constants of J(12) approximately J(13) approximately 30 Hz and J(23) = 304 Hz. Oxidation of [2a]+ by one electron at a holding potential of +1000 mV yields [(ethane-1,2-diylbis(thio-2,1-phenylene)diphenyl phosphine)ruthenium(III)] hexafluorophosphate, [2b][PF6]2. The EPR of [2b][PF6]2 displays a rhombic signal with g(1) = 2.09, g(2) = 2.04, and g(3) = 2.03. Oxidation of 1b in the presence of alkenes including 1-hexene, styrene, cyclohexene, and norbornene yields products similar to [2a]+. Each of these products was further oxidized to an analogue of [2b]2+. Complex [2a]+ was also prepared, as the bromide salt, from [PPN][Ru(DPPBT)3] (PPN [1a]; PPN = bis(triphenylphosphoranylidene)ammonium) and 1,2-dibromoethane. The complex [2a]Br crystallizes as thin yellow plates in the monoclinic space group P21/c with unit cell dimensions of a = 10.2565(9) A, b = 13.2338(12) A, c = 38.325(3) A, and beta = 93.3960(10) degrees.[1]


  1. Carbon-sulfur bond formation via alkene addition to an oxidized ruthenium thiolate. Grapperhaus, C.A., Venna, K.B., Mashuta, M.S. Inorg. Chem (2007) [Pubmed]
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