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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanism and inhibitory effect of galangin and its flavonoid mixture from Alpinia officinarum on mushroom tyrosinase and B16 murine melanoma cells.

The whitening effects of the flavonoid constituents of Alpinia officinarum Hance were investigated on melanin biosynthesis in B 16 mouse melanoma cells, tyrosinase inhibition and UV absorption. The melanin content was reduced to 1.276 microg /10(5) cell for flavonoid mixture and 1.161 microg /10(5) cell for galangin while the melanin control was 1.632 microg/10(5) cell. Both flavonoid mixture and galangin reduced melanin production with an inhibition of 21.81% and 28.86% at a concentration of 26.5 microg/mL and 29 microg/mL (107.4 microM), respectively. Tyrosinase inhibition by the flavonoid mixture and galangin were higher at lower concentrations and galangin showed competitive inhibition at a concentration less than 21.23 microg/mL which was soluble. In addition, the flavonoid mixture and galangin showed a broad absorption band at 270 approximately 290 nm related to the UV-B area. These observations suggest that galangin may be a whitening agent and a promising candidate for prevention of skin cancer. This is the first full scale report on the evaluation of the whitening effect of galangin.[1]


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