The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Homocysteine induces monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression in hepatocytes mediated via activator protein-1 activation.

Hyperhomocysteinemia is characterized by abnormally high concentrations of homocysteine (Hcy) in the plasma. It is a metabolic disorder associated with dysfunction of several organs such as atherosclerosis, altered lipid metabolism, and liver injury. In this study we investigated the effect of Hcy on transcriptional regulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a potent chemokine, expression in hepatocytes. Hyperhomocysteinemia was induced in rats by a high-methionine diet for 4 weeks. MCP-1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly elevated in the liver tissue homogenate and in hepatocytes of hyperhomocysteinemic rats. The role of transcription factors in MCP-1 expression was examined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Activation of activator protein (AP)-1 but not nuclear factor kappaB was detected in the liver tissue of those rats. Incubation of rat hepatocytes with Hcy (50-200 microm) caused a significant increase in AP-1 activation followed by an increase in intracellular MCP-1 mRNA expression and an elevation of MCP-1 protein secreted into the culture medium. Hcy markedly increased the DNA binding activity of human recombinant AP-1 (c-Fos and c-Jun proteins). The presence of a sulfhydryl group in Hcy was essential for Hcy-induced AP-1 activation. When hepatocytes were transfected with decoy AP-1 oligodeoxynucleotide to inhibit AP-1 activation, Hcy-induced MCP-1 mRNA expression was abolished. Further analysis revealed that increased hepatic MCP-1 expression was positively correlated with the serum MCP-1 level. These results suggest that Hcy-induced MCP-1 expression in the liver is mediated via AP-1 activation, which may contribute to chronic inflammation associated with hyperhomocysteinemia.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities