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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Bovine lactoferrin potently inhibits liver mitochondrial 8-OHdG levels and retrieves hepatic OGG1 activities in Long-Evans Cinnamon rats.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the effect of lactoferrin on oxidative liver damage and its mechanism, we used Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats that spontaneously develop fulminant-like hepatitis and lethal hepatic failure. METHODS: Four-week-old female LEC rats were divided into the untreated and treated groups. The latter was fed bovine lactoferrin at 2% mixed with conventional diet. RESULTS: The cumulative survival rates were 75.0% vs. 100% at 14 weeks, 37.5% vs. 91.7% at 15 weeks, and 12.5% vs. 91.7% at 16 weeks, respectively, for untreated and treated rats (P=0.0008). The 8-OHdG levels in liver mitochondrial DNA and malondialdehyde in plasma and liver tissues were significantly lower in treated than untreated rats (P<0.001, =0.017 and 0.034, respectively). Mitochondrial DNA mutations were more common in untreated rats. OGG1 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly lower in untreated than treated rats (P=0.003 and 0.007, respectively). Hypermethylation of the second CpG island located upstream of OGG1 gene was observed in untreated rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that lactoferrin inhibits oxidative liver damage in LEC rats. Lactoferrin could be potentially useful for the treatment of oxidative stress-induced liver diseases.[1]

References

  1. Bovine lactoferrin potently inhibits liver mitochondrial 8-OHdG levels and retrieves hepatic OGG1 activities in Long-Evans Cinnamon rats. Tsubota, A., Yoshikawa, T., Nariai, K., Mitsunaga, M., Yumoto, Y., Fukushima, K., Hoshina, S., Fujise, K. J. Hepatol. (2008) [Pubmed]
 
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