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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of divers anions on the electron-transfer reaction between iron and rusticyanin from Thiobacillus ferrooxidans.

Rusticyanin is a soluble blue copper protein found in abundance in the periplasmic space of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, an acidophilic bacterium capable of growing chemolithotrophically on soluble ferrous sulfate. The one-electron-transfer reactions between soluble iron and purified rusticyanin were studied by stopped-flow spectrophotometry in acidic solutions containing each of 14 different anions. The second-order rate constants for both the Fe(II)-dependent reduction and the Fe(III)-dependent oxidation of the rusticyanin varied as a function of the identity of the principal anion in solution. Analogous electron-transfer reactions between soluble iron and bis(dipicolinato)cobaltate(III) or bis(dipicolinato)ferrate(II) were studied by stopped-flow spectrophotometry under solution conditions identical with those of the rusticyanin experiments. Similar anion-dependent reactivity patterns were obtained with soluble iron whether the other reaction partner was rusticyanin or either of the two organometallic complexes. The Marcus theory of outer-sphere electron transfer reactions was applied to this set of kinetic data to demonstrate that the rusticyanin may possess at least two electron-transfer pathways for liganded iron, one where the pattern of electron-transfer reactivity is controlled largely by protein-independent activation parameters and one where the protein exhibits an anion-dependent kinetic specificity. The exact role of rusticyanin in the iron-dependent respiratory electron transport chain of T. ferrooxidans remains unclear.[1]


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