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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interstitial 3-methoxytyramine reflects striatal dopamine release: an in vivo microdialysis study.

Previous ex vivo studies have provided indirect evidence that the dopamine (DA) metabolite 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT) may be a useful index of DA release in vivo. In the present study, in vivo microdialysis was utilized to assess directly the relationship between extracellular DA and 3-MT in the striatum of rats following a variety of pharmacological manipulations. Apomorphine, a DA receptor agonist, produced a rapid, transient decrease in both DA and 3-MT. Conversely, the DA receptor antagonist haloperidol produced a concomitant increase in extracellular DA and 3-MT. Increases in DA and 3-MT were also noted following the administration of the DA uptake inhibitor, bupropion. Local application of tetrodotoxin resulted in the complete elimination of measurable amounts of DA and 3-MT in the dialysate, gamma-Butyrolactone also greatly decreased DA and 3-MT. Finally, d-amphetamine produced a large increase in DA and 3-MT in animals that had been treated previously with gamma-butyrolactone. The Pearson correlation coefficients for DA and 3-MT following these manipulations ranged from 0.87 to 0.97. These data indicate that interstitial 3-MT is an accurate index of DA release. However, when compared with previous ex vivo findings, the present results also suggest that changes in tissue concentrations of 3-MT may not reliably reflect DA release following certain pharmacological manipulations.[1]


  1. Interstitial 3-methoxytyramine reflects striatal dopamine release: an in vivo microdialysis study. Brown, E.E., Damsma, G., Cumming, P., Fibiger, H.C. J. Neurochem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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