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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phase II trial of Gliadel plus O6-benzylguanine in adults with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial was designed to define the efficacy of Gliadel wafers in combination with an infusion of O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG) that suppresses tumor O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) levels in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme for 5 days and to evaluate the safety of this combination therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This was a phase II, open-label, single center trial. On gross total resection of the tumor, up to eight Gliadel wafers were implanted. Bolus infusion of O6-BG was administered at 120 mg/m2 over 1 hour on days 1, 3, and 5, along with a continuous infusion at 30 mg/m2/d. The primary end points were 6-month overall survival (OS) and safety, and the secondary end points were 1-year, 2-year, and median OS. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were accrued. The 6-month OS was 82% [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 72-93%]. The 1- and 2-year OS rates were 47% (95% CI, 35-63%) and 10% (95% CI, 3-32%), respectively. The median OS was 50.3 weeks (95% CI, 36.1-69.4 weeks). Treatment-related toxicity with this drug combination included grade 3 hydrocephalus (9.6%), grade 3 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak (19.2%), and grade 3 CSF/brain infection (13.4%). CONCLUSION: The efficacy of implanted Gliadel wafers may be improved with the addition of O6-BG. Although systemically administered O6-BG can be coadministered with Gliadel wafers safely, it may increase the risk of hydrocephalus, CSF leak, and CSF/brain infection. Future trials are required to verify that inhibition of tumor AGT levels by O6-BG results in increased efficacy of Gliadel wafers without added toxicity.[1]


  1. Phase II trial of Gliadel plus O6-benzylguanine in adults with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. Quinn, J.A., Jiang, S.X., Carter, J., Reardon, D.A., Desjardins, A., Vredenburgh, J.J., Rich, J.N., Gururangan, S., Friedman, A.H., Bigner, D.D., Sampson, J.H., McLendon, R.E., Herndon, J.E., Threatt, S., Friedman, H.S. Clin. Cancer Res. (2009) [Pubmed]
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