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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kappa- and delta-opioids block sympathetically dependent hyperalgesia.

Direct hyperalgesia induced by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) can be blocked by mu- but not delta- or kappa-opioids. However, there is evidence that kappa- and delta-opioid receptors are located on sympathetic postganglionic neuron (SPGN) terminals, which mediate bradykinin (BK) hyperalgesia via SPGN-terminal-dependent production of PGE2. Therefore, we evaluated the antinociceptive effect of delta- and kappa-opioids on BK hyperalgesia. We demonstrate that the mechanical hyperalgesia induced by intradermal injection of BK can be blocked by the kappa-opioid agonist trans-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N[2-(-pyrrolidinyl)cyclo-hexyl] benzeneacetamide (U50,488H) and by the delta-opioid agonist (D-Pen2,5)-enkephalin (DPDPE), as well as the mu-opioid agonist Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-NMe-Phe-Gly-ol(DAMGO). Pertussis toxin prevented the inhibition of BK-induced hyperalgesia by U50,488H, DPDPE, or DAMGO. We conclude that the observed peripheral analgesic effects of kappa- and delta-opioid agonists result from actions upon SPGN terminals and that these effects are mediated by inhibitory G-proteins.[1]


  1. Kappa- and delta-opioids block sympathetically dependent hyperalgesia. Taiwo, Y.O., Levine, J.D. J. Neurosci. (1991) [Pubmed]
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