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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A kinetic study of cyclic adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate binding and mode of activation of protein kinase from Drosophila melanogaster embryos.

Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and its regulatory subunit were isolated from Drosophila melanogaster embryos. The profiles of cyclic AMP binding by these proteins were significantly different. In order to explain such a difference and to find the mode of enzyme activation by cyclic AMP, a kinetic study of cyclic AMP binding was carried out. First, the association rate constant k1 and dissociation rate constant k-1 in the cyclic AMP-regulatory subunit interaction at 0 degrees C were estimated to be 2.3 X 10(6)M-1s-1 and 1.1 X 10(-3)s-1, respectively. Secondly, the three possible modes of enzyme activation by cyclic AMP were mathematically considered and could be described by a unique formula: r=APt + BQt (A + B=1) in which the parameters A, B, P, and Q are equivalent to rate constants in the sense that the rate constants are simply expressed by these parameters. Thirdly, the values of the parameters and subsequently the values of rate constants involved in the possible mechanisms were evaluated using a curve-fitting technique and compared with experimental observation. It was then found that the following mechanism was the only one which fitted the experimental observations. Namely, RC + L k3 equilibrium k-3 LRC k4 equilibrium k-4 RL + C where R, C, and L represent the regulatory and catalytic subunits and cyclic AMP as a ligand. Thus, our results indicate that in the presence of cyclic AMP the active enzyme (C) is released from a ternary intermediate which is the primary product of the cyclic AMP-holoenzyme interaction. The estimated values of the rate constants are: k3=3.5 X 10(6)M-1s-1;k-3=7.3 X 10(-1)s-1;and k4=3.8 X 10(-2)s. These estimates indicate that the reaction LRC leads to RL + C is relatively slow and limits the rate of the overall reaction. By comparing k-3 and k4, it is apparent that a large part of newly formed ternary intermediate reverts to the holoenzyme.[1]


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