The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oestrogen receptor staining of paraffin-embedded breast carcinomas following short fixation in formalin: a comparison with cytosolic and frozen section receptor analyses.

This paper describes an improved immunohistochemical method for demonstrating oestrogen receptor (OR) protein in paraffin-embedded sections of tissue fixed for 1.5 h in formalin. Thirty-two cases of infiltrating ductal breast carcinoma were stained with a monoclonal anti-OR antibody (H222), using a standard streptavidin-biotin method, following pretreatment with pronase. OR counts in paraffin sections were compared with those of frozen sections and with cytosolic values determined by a dextran-coated charcoal method. Twenty-seven of the carcinomas were OR-positive in paraffin sections. There was concordance between the paraffin section and the frozen section-determined receptor status in 30 cases (94 per cent) and a strong correlation was observed (r = 0.76; P less than 0.0001). Similarly, OR counts in paraffin sections correlated with cytosolic OR values (r = 0.60; P less than 0.001) and there was concordance in 97 per cent of cases. The percentage of positively-stained tumour cells in paraffin sections ranged from 0 to 94 per cent with staining intensities comparable to those seen in frozen sections. Staining of paraffin sections identified more OR-positive tumours than either frozen section staining or cytosolic assay. This study validates immunohistochemical OR analysis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded breast carcinomas using a commercial anti-OR antibody.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities