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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The pattern of mutational involvement of RAS genes in human hematologic malignancies determined by DNA amplification and direct sequencing.

DNA from 161 patients with various forms of hematologic malignancies were investigated for mutations in exons 1 and 2 of the N-RAS, K-RAS and Ha-RAS gene by direct sequencing of DNA amplified in vitro by the polymerase chain reaction. Mutations involving either codons 11, 12, or 13 of the N-RAS gene were identified in 18 of the 161 patients. The relative frequencies of N-RAS gene mutations in these hematologic disorders was as follows: acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), 15%; acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 14%; myelodysplastic syndromes, 24%; and myeloid and lymphoid blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), 3%. No correlation was observed between the presence of mutations and cytologic features or immunophenotype of these malignancies. Mutations involving codons 12 or 13 were equally prevalent, with a glycine to aspartic acid substitution being the most frequently encountered change. A single T-ALL case had a codon 11 mutation resulting in substitution of alanine with threonine. We failed to find mutations in exons 1 and 2 of the K-RAS or Ha-RAS genes in any case except a single AML with a mutation in codon 61 of the K-RAS gene. Also, no mutations were identified in chronic phase of CML, chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Ph1 positive ALL, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, or multiple myeloma. These results indicate that RAS mutations, especially those involving exon 1 of the N-RAS gene, are frequent only in a subset of hematologic malignancies.[1]


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