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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thermodynamic modeling of internal equilibria involved in the activation of trypsinogen.

The effect of activating dipeptides, sequentially homologous to the Ile16-Val17N-terminus of bovine beta-trypsin (beta-trypsin), on equilibria involved in the binding of strong ligands (i.e., n-butylamine, the bovine basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (Kunitz-type inhibitor; BPTI) and the porcine pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (Kazal-type inhibitor, type I; PSTI)) to bovine trypsinogen (trypsinogen) was investigated at pH 5.51 (I = 0.1 M) and T = 21.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C; under the same experimental conditions, thermodynamics for the binding of strong ligands to beta-trypsin was also obtained. The equilibria involved in the binding of activating dipeptides and/or inhibitors to beta-trypsin and to its zymogen are described according to an induced-fit formalism, taking into account ligand-linked interaction(s) between different functional and structural domains of the (pro)enzyme possibly involved in the trypsinogen-to-beta-trypsin activation pathway. The analysis of data is focussed on parameters describing interactions between the so-called Ile-Val pocket (where the Ile16-Val17 N-terminus of beta-trypsin or activating dipeptides bind) and the primary and/or secondary recognition subsite(s) (where strong ligands associate) present in the (pro)enzyme. Such an analysis allows to dissect the contributions due to the primary recognition subsite, where small mono-functional ligands (e.g., n-butylamine) bind, from those of the secondary subsite(s), which are additional recognition clefts for macromolecular inhibitors (e.g., BPTI and PSTI).[1]


  1. Thermodynamic modeling of internal equilibria involved in the activation of trypsinogen. Coletta, M., Ascenzi, P., Bravin, L., Amiconi, G., Bolognesi, M., Guarneri, M., Menegatti, E. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. (1990) [Pubmed]
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