The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Conversion of a class II integral membrane protein into a soluble and efficiently secreted protein: multiple intracellular and extracellular oligomeric and conformational forms.

The NH2 terminus of the F1 subunit of the paramyxovirus SV5 fusion protein (fusion related external domain; FRED) is a hydrophobic domain that is implicated as being involved in mediating membrane fusion. We have examined the ability of the FRED to function as a combined signal/anchor domain by substituting it for the natural NH2-terminal signal/anchor domain of a model type II integral membrane protein: the hybrid protein ( NAF) was expressed in eukaryotic cells. The FRED was shown to act as a signal sequence, targeting NAF to the lumen of the ER, by the fact that NAF acquired N-linked carbohydrate chains. Alkali fractionation of microsomes indicated that NAF is a soluble protein in the lumen of the ER, and the results of NH2-terminal sequence analysis showed that the FRED is cleaved at a site predicted to be recognized by signal peptidase. NAF was found to be efficiently secreted (t1/2 approximately 90 min) from the cell. By using a combination of sedimentation velocity centrifugation and immunoprecipitation assays using polyclonal and conformation-specific monoclonal antibodies it was found that extracellular NAF consisted of a mixture of monomers, disulfide-linked dimers, and tetramers. The majority of the extracellular NAF molecules were not reactive with the conformation-specific monoclonal antibodies, suggesting they were not folded in a native form and that only the NAF tetramers had matured to a native conformation such that they exhibited NA activity. The available data indicate that NAF is transported intracellularly in multiple oligomeric and conformational forms.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities